These aim to strengthen international cooperation on search and rescue at sea, marine oil pollution and scientific cooperation in the Arctic: after more than three years of work, an Arctic Council task force adopted, on the 8th They asked the task force to « work on an agreement on improving scientific cooperation in research between the eight Arctic countries ». In 2015, in Iqaluit, ministers decided to extend the mandate of the task force and, among other things, to work towards a legally binding agreement. In the end, the task force was jointly led by the United States and the Russian Federation, and Sweden was previously co-chair. The first meeting took place in Stockholm, followed by meetings in Helsinki, Reykjavik, Tromsø, Oslo, Copenhagen, Reykjavik again, Arlington, Virginia and finally Ottawa. Indeed, given the operational nature of those agreements, there is no significant overlap between those agreements and the Central Arctic Ocean Fisheries Agreement. .